Coptic GTh Inter-saying Words

A list of words occurring in more than one saying in CGT
(The notation 'n in m' means n occurrences in m sayings)
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Nouns

angel (Greek aggelos, 2 in 2)
anyone, nothing (Coptic laau, mN.laau, 8 in 7)

bird (Coptic xalht, xalate, 4 in 4)
blessed/fortunate one (Greek makarios, 10 in 9 + related Coptic verb)
body (Greek swma, 5 in 3)
brother (Coptic son, snhu, 7 in 5)

child, children (Coptic hre.hm, 3 in 3 + related Coptic word)
corpse (Greek ptwma, 4 in 2)

darkness (Coptic kake, 2 in 2)
day (Coptic xoou, 16 in 11 + 2 related singles)
dinner (Greek dipnon, 5 in 4)
disciple (Greek machths, 22 in 21)
dog, dogs (Coptic ouxor, ouxoor, 2 in 2)
domain (see kingdom)

ear (Coptic maaje, 11? in 9)
earth (Coptic kax, 10 in 9)
end (see last, end)
everything (see all)
eye (Coptic bal, 10 in 6 or 9 in 5?)

face (Coptic xo, 3 in 3)
father (Coptic eiwt, 28 in 24)
female (see woman)
field (Coptic swe, 7 in 3)
fire (Coptic kwxT, sate, 3 in 3, + analogue)
first (Coptic orP, 4 in 3)
fish (Coptic tBt, 5 in 2)
flesh (Greek sar3, 4 in 3)
foot (Coptic ouerhte, 3 in 2)
friend, companion (Coptic bhr, beer, 2 in 2)
fruit (Greek karpos, 8 in 6)

garment, clothes (Coptic thn, 4 in 3)
god (Coptic noute, 4 in 2)
grape (Coptic eloole, 5 in 3)
ground, bottom (Coptic esht, 5 in 5)

hand (Coptic qij, toot., 7 in 6, 7 in 7)
harvest (Coptic wxS, wsx, xas., 5 in 4 + related word)
heaven(s), sky (Coptic pe, phue, 15 in 11)
house (Coptic hei, 9 in 8, + 1 compound)

image (Greek xikwn, 7 in 4)
interest (Coptic mhse, 2 in 2, see money)

king(s) (Coptic Rro, Rrwou, 3 in 3)
kingdom (Coptic mNtero, 24 in 20)

lamb (Coptic xieib, 2 in 1)
last, end (Coptic xae, xah, axh, 5 in 2)
little one (Coptic kouei, 10 in 7)
loins (see +pe)
lord, master (Coptic joeis, 14 in 7 + compound)

male (Coptic xoout, 6 in 2)
man (Coptic rwme, 35 in 30)
marriage (Coptic eleet, 2 in 2 + 2 related Greek words)
marvel, wonder (Coptic phre, 5 in 2, 2 as verb)
merchant (see trader)
midst, middle (Coptic mhte, 2 in 2)
milk (Coptic erwte, 3 in 2)
mind (Coptic xht, 6 in 6 + compound & synonym)
money (Coptic xomT, 3 in 3)
mother (Coptic maau, 9 in 5)
mouth (Coptic tapro, 4 in 3)
mountain (see toou)
movement (see move)

night (see evening)
nothing (see anyone)

peace (Greek eirhnh, 2 in 2)
pearl (Greek margariths, 3 in 2)
place, area (Cp) (Coptic ma, 19 in 13)
place, area (Gk) (Greek topos, 5 in 5)
poverty, poor (Coptic (mNt).xhke, 3 in 2)
power (Greek dunamis, 3 in 3, + Coptic 6OM, 5 in 4)
powerful one (Greek megistanos, 3 in 2)
prophet (Greek provhths, 3 in 3)

repose (Greek anapausis, 4 in 4)
road, path (Coptic xih, xiooue, 5 in 4)
root (Coptic noune, 2 in 2)

sea (Greek calassa, 4 in 2)
seed (Coptic qroq, 4 in 3)
servant (Coptic xMxal, 8 in 3 + Gk analogue)
sheep (Coptic esoou, 2 in 1)
shepherd (Coptic ws, 1 in 1)
side (Coptic sa, 13 in 6)
sin (Coptic nobe, 2 in 2)
single ones (Greek monayos, 3 in 3) + (Coptic oua ouwt, 3 in 3)
sky (see heaven)
son (Coptic hre, 14 in 11)
soul (Greek 2uyh, 5 in 4)
spirit (Greek PNA, 6 in 5)
stone (Coptic wne, 6 in 4 + Gk synonym)
sword (Coptic shfe, 2 in 2)

taste (see +pe)
thief (Greek lhsths, 2 in 2, + Coptic analogue)
thought (see think(v), thought(n))
thorn (Coptic onte, 2 in 2, with 'worm')
time (Coptic sop, 2 in 2)
trader, merchant (Coptic ewt, 3 in 2 + Gk synonym)
treasure (Greek exo, 5 in 3)
tree (Coptic hn, 3 in 2)
trouble (see trouble, to be troubled)
truth (Greek me, 5 in 5 + related Gk word)

way (Coptic xe, 16 in 11)
wine (Coptic hrP, 5 in 2)
woman (Coptic sxime, sxiome, xiome, 10 in 7)
work (Coptic xwb, 2 in 2)
(the) world (Coptic kosmos, 16 in 11)
worm (Coptic fNt, 2 in 2, with 'thorn')


Noun-Verbs

begin, beginning (Coptic exh, 4 in 4, + Greek aryh, aryei, 3 in 1, 1 in 1)
die, death: (Coptic mou, 6 as verb, 5 as noun, see die, be dead)
live, life (Coptic wnx, onx, 4 in 4 as noun, 16 in 12 as verb)
move(v), movement(n): Coptic kim (3 in 3, one as noun, see move)
split (n&v) (Coptic pwx, 6 in 4, one as noun)
think(v), thought(n) (Coptic meeue, 1 as noun, 1 as verb)
trouble, to be troubled (Coptic xise, 4 in 4 + Coptic analogue)
word, speak (Coptic aje, 6 in 5 as nn + Gk synonym + 3 in 1 as vb)

Verbs

to accept (Coptic hp, ap., 2 in 2)
to appear (Coptic ouwnx, ouonx, 9 in 9)
to be ashamed (Coptic ipe, 2 in 2)
to ask (Coptic jne., jnou., 5 in 5)

to beget (Coptic jpo, jpe., jpo., 5 in 5)
to behold (Coptic eis.xhhte, 6 in 5)
to be (Coptic o, 7 in 7)
to bind (Coptic mour, 3 in 3)
to break (Coptic ouwqP, 2 in 2)
to bring (Coptic eine, 4 in 2)
to build (Coptic kwt, kot., 3 in 3)
to burn (Coptic rwkx, jero, 2 in 2 each)
to buy (see toou)

to call (Coptic twxM, 7 in 2)
to cast (Coptic nouje, 14 in 9)
to choose (Coptic swtP, setP., sotP, 4 in 4)
to climb, mount (Coptic telo, 2 in 2)
to come (Coptic nhu, Nnhu, 10 in 8)
to compare (Coptic tNtwn, 12 in 11)

to depend on (Coptic ae, oe, 2 in 1 each)
to desire (see to want)
to destroy, be destroyed (Coptic tako, teka., 3 in 3, + 2 related words)
to die, be dead (Coptic mou, moout, 15 in 13)
to dine (Coptic dipnon, dipnei)
to drink (Coptic sw, se., 4 in 3)
to be drunk (Coptic +xe, taxe, toxe, 3 in 2)

to eat (Coptic ouwm, 12 in 8 + compound noun)
to be empty (Coptic oueit, 3 in 2)
to exist, be (Coptic oop, 5 in 5)

to be far away (Coptic ouhu, ouhou, 3 in 2)
to fast (Greek nhsteue, 5 in 4, with 'pray')
to fill, be full (Coptic moux, 6 in 5)
to find (see to seek and find)
to gather (Coptic kwtf, 2 in 2 + synonym)
to give (Coptic +, +., taa., 25 in 22)

to hate (Coptic moste, meste., 7 in 5)
to have and have not (Coptic ouN.ta., mN.ta., 22 in 15)
to heal (Greek cerapeue, 2 in 2)
to hear, listen (Coptic swtM, sotm1, 14 in 11)
to hide, hidden (Coptic xwp, xhp, 12 in 10)

to kill (Coptic mout., 6 in 4)
to know (Coptic sooun, souwn., 25 in 20)

to lack (see need)
to lead (Coptic swk, 3 in 3)
to look, see (Coptic qwT, 4 in 4)
to love (Coptic me, mere., mRre., 4 in 3)

to make, do I (Coptic eire, 7 in 5)
to make, do II (Coptic a(a)., 11 in 9)
to move (Coptic pwwne, kim, 5 in 3, 3 in 3)

to need (Coptic R.qrwx, 3 in 2)

to pass away/by (Greek parage, 3 in 2)
to persecute (Greek diwke, 3 in 2)
to place, put (Coptic ouwx, ouex., 2 in 2)
to plant (Coptic twqe, toq1, 2 in 2)
to pray (Coptic lhl, 4 in 2/3 + synonym, see to fast)

to raise up (Coptic jise, jose, 3 in 2)
to realize (Coptic eime, 6 in 6)
to reap (see harvest)
to renounce, deny (Greek arna, 2 in 2)
to resemble, resemblance (Coptic eine, 1 as noun, 8 in 4 as verb)
to rest (Coptic Mton, 2 in 2 - see repose)
to reveal, uncover (Coptic qwlP, qolP, 5 in 4)

to see, look (Coptic nau, 19 in 14)
to seek and find (Coptic ine, 13 in 11, qine, 5 in 4 + 2 combined forms)
to send (Coptic joou, 4 in 2, teuo, teue., 2 in 2)
to show (Coptic tsebe., tsebo., 3 in 3)
to sow (Coptic site, 2 in 2, plus Coptic analogue)
to speak (Coptic jw, 10 in 8)
to strip (Coptic kak, kek., 2 in 2)

to take, carry (Coptic fi, fi., fit., 12 in 12)
to take (Coptic ji, ji., jit., 14 in 14)
to think (see think(v), thought(n))
to throw (see to cast)
to be troubled (see trouble, to be troubled)

to walk (Coptic mooe, 2 in 2)
to want, desire (Coptic ouw, 7 in 7 + Gk synonym, 2 in 2)
to watch (Coptic arex, 2 in 2)


Adjectives

all (Coptic thr., 14 in 10, 5 as noun)
evil (Greek kakos, kakon, 2 in 2 + others)
fortified (Coptic tajrhu, 2 in 2)
good (Coptic nanou., 5 in 3)
good, kind (Greek yrhstos, 2 in 2)
great, large (Coptic noq, 10 in 8)
holy (Coptic ouaab, 2 in 2)
large (see great)
new (Coptic bRre, 4 in 2 + Coptic synonym)
poor (see poverty)
righteous (Greek dikaios, 2 in 2)
secret (see hide, hidden)
true (see truth)
wise (see mind)
worthy (Greek a3ios, 2 in 2, + Coptic Mpa, 6 in 6)

adjectival compounds of 'man'

Pronouns

I, we (Coptic anok, anon, 15 in 10)
himself (Coptic ouaa.f, 3 in 3)
possessives mine, yours, etc. (Coptic pw1, tw1, na., 7 in 5)
you/your (singular) (various Coptic words)

Prepositions

after- (Coptic Nsa., Nsw., 5 in 5, 4 in 4)
because, concerning (Coptic etbe, 7 in 6, + Greek epei, 5 in 5)
before, for (Coptic xht., 5 in 5)
on, upon (Coptic xi., xiw., xiwt., 9 in 9)
under, from, by, about (Coptic xa., xaro., 11 in 11)
upon (Coptic xijN., xijM., xiw., 6 in 5)
up to- (Coptic a., aro., 13 in 10)
with (me, him, it) (Coptic nMma., 3 in 3)

Demonstratives ("pointers")

that (one) (Coptic ph, th, pi., 12 in 11)
these (Coptic naei, neei., 14 in 12)
this (one) (Coptic paei, taei, 15 in 11)

Conjunctions

and not, nor (Greek oute, oude, 8 in 5, 3 in 3)
for (Greek gar, 14 in 14)
however (Greek de, 18 in 17) + indeed (Greek men, 2 in 2)
rather, but (Greek alla, 13 in 13)
so that (Coptic jekaas, 12 in 11)
so, so that (Gk) (Greek ina, xina, 15 in 15)

Interrogatives

what?, why? (Coptic ou, 11 in 9)
which? (Coptic a, 9 in 7)
who? (Coptic nim ,10 in 8, also means 'any')

Other

alone (Coptic ouwt, 5 in 5)
also (Coptic on, 2 in 2)
also-x (Coptic xw., xwt., 5 in 5)
another, other (Coptic ke., kooue, 15 in 11?)
around, turn (Coptic kwte, kot., 3 in 3)
blind (one) (Coptic bLle, bLleeue, 3 in 2)
come! (imp) (Coptic amou, amheitN, 2 in 2)
if (Coptic ewpe, eje, 5 in 4)
many (Coptic xax, 5 in 5)
more than (Greek para, 2 in 2)
now (Coptic tenou, 2 in 2)
or (Greek h, 5 in 5)
presence (Coptic Mto ebol, 6 in 6)
then (Coptic eeie, 4 in 2 + Greek tote, 9 in 9)
when (Greek xotan, 19 in 16)
while (Greek xws, 3 in 3)
woe (Coptic ouoei, 3 in 2)

Words with multiple meanings

Coptic eine as bring (4) or resemble (9)
Coptic me as to love (4) or truth (5)
Coptic nim = 'any' (3 in 3) or 'who?' (10 in 8)
Coptic pe = 'sky/heaven' (11 in 8) or 'he/it is' (unindexed)
Coptic sobK = 'few' or 'small' (1 in 1 each)
Coptic toou = 'buy' (5 in 3) or 'mountain' (3 in 3)
Coptic e = '100' or '(piece of) wood' (2 in 2, 1 in 1)
Coptic wm = nouns 'tax, rent, tribute' or 'summer' (2 in 2, 1 in 1)
Coptic +pe = 'taste' (4 in 4) or 'loins' (2 in 2)
Coptic xe = 'way' (16 in 11) or 'fall' (vb, 30 unindexed)
Coptic xoou as day (16) or evil (1)
Coptic jo = 'sow' or 'wall' (1 in 1 each)

Numbers

two (Coptic snau, sNte, 15 in 11)
three (Coptic omT, 4 in 3)
five (Coptic +ou, 2 in 2)

Names/ Proper Nouns

Adam (2 in 2)
IS other than in "Jesus said" (11 in 11)
IHS (3 in 3)
Mariam (2 in 2)
Pharisee (2 in 2)
Simon Peter (2 in 2)
Thomas (4 in 2)

Odd Features

Sayings with no introduction (3)
'said-he' where 'he' = IS, but not in dialogue (4 in 4)

© 2013 Michael W. Grondin
page last revised 6 Dec 2014 (added no-intro sayings)