Coptic GTh Interactive Index

Last updated 6 Jan 2015
(The notation 'n in m' means n occurrences in m sayings)
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Index of Coptic words


a(a)., 11 in 9, to make, do
abw, 1, net
amou, amheitN, 2 in 2, come! (imp)
an, not, 60 occurrences (unindexed)
anok, anon, 15 in 10, I, we
ape, head (n), 1, in L86 only
arex, 2 in 2, to watch
as, old, 3 in 1, in L47b only
asx, 1 (L21.9), sickle
auw, and, 130 occurrences (unindexed)
a, 9 in 7, which?
ae, 2 in 1, depend on

bal, 10 in 6 or 9 in 5?, eye
[baor], fox (n), 1, in L86 only
[bhb], cave, den, 1, in L86 only
bht, to be cursed, 1, in L07 only
bLbile, a grain, 1, in L20 only
bLle, bLleeue, 3 in 2, blind (one)
bRbre, to bubble, 1, in L13 only
bRre, 4 in 2 + Coptic synonym, new & L47b only
bwk, bhk, to go, 25 occurrences (unindexed)

ebol, out + other meanings, 76 occurrences (unindexed)
eeie, 4 in 2 + Greek tote, 9 in 9, then
ei, to come, 28 occurrences (unindexed)
eime, 6 in 6, to realize
eine, 1 as noun, 8 in 4 as verb, resemble, resemblance
eine, 4 in 2, to bring
eire, 7 in 5, to make, do (see also a/aa= and o)
eis.xhhte, 6 in 5, to behold
eiwe, to wash, 1, in L89 only
eiwt, 28 in 24, father
eloole, 5 in 3, grape
elou, pupil (of eye), 1, in L25 only
emaxte, to grab, seize, 1, in L65 only
erhu, (each) other, 1, in Coptic singles
ero.j, erwtN, onto-x, 37 occurrences (unindexed)
erwte, 3 in 2, milk
esht, 5 in 5, ground, bottom
esoou, 2 in 1, sheep
etbe, 7 in 6 + Greek epei, 5 in 5, because, concerning
eunou, immediately, 1, in L47b only
eau, swine, 1, in L93 only
ewpe, eje, 5 in 4, if
ewt, 3 in 2 + Gk synonym, trader, merchant
exh, 4 in 4, + Greek aryh, aryei, 3 in 1, 1 in 1, beginning
exo, 5 in 3, treasure
exoou, oxen, 2 in 1, in L102 only
exoun, xoun, in, inner, inward, 24 occurrences (unindexed)
ejN./ejM., 19, upon, onto, etc.
ejw., over/above x, 1, in Coptic singles

hei, 9 in 8, + 1 compound, house
hp, to belong, 1, in L100 only
hrP, 5 in 2, wine

kak, kek., 2 in 2, to strip
kake, 2 in 2, darkness
ka, reed, 1, in L78 only
kax, 10 in 9, earth
ke., kooue, 15 in 11?, another, other
kibe, 2 in 1, breast
kim, pwwne, 3 in 3, 5 in 3, move, movement
kNte, fig, 1, in L45 only
kouei, 10 in 7, little-one
kw, kaa1, 6 in 4 + other forms, leave, let, put
kwt, kot., 3 in 3, to build
kwte, kot., 3 in 3, around, turn
kwtF, 2 in 2 + synonym, to gather
kwx, corner, 1, in L66 only
kwxT, sate, 3 in 3, 1 in 1, fire

laau, mN.laau, 8 in 7, anyone, nothing
lo, to stop, 1, in Coptic singles

ma, 19 in 13, place, area (see also Gk topos)
maau, 9 in 5, mother
maaje, 9 in 8 as 'ear' plus 1 as 'handle' & 1 as 'bushel'
maein, sign, 1, in Coptic singles
mare- as 'doesn't/don't', 6 in 5, mare-/mere-
may, there, 25 occurrences (unindexed)
max, nest (n), 1, in L86 only
me, mere., mRre., 4 in 3, to love
me as to love (4) or truth (5)
meeue, 1 as noun, 1 as verb, think(v), thought(n)
meak, perhaps, in L65 only
mhn, to endure, 1, in L76 only
mhse, 2 in 2, in money, interest
mhte, 2 in 2, midst, middle
mhe, crowd, 1, in Coptic singles
Mmo.j, MmwtN, personal pronoun, 47 occurrences (unindexed)
Mmon, not, 1, in L53 only
mNtero, 24 in 20, kingdom, domain
mooe, 2 in 2, to walk
moste, meste., 7 in 5, to hate
mou, 6 as verb, 5 as noun, to die, death
moout, 4 in 4, be dead
mouei, lion, 1, in L07 only
mour, 3 in 3, to bind
mout., 6 in 4, to kill
moute, to call/refer, 1, in L105 only
moux, 6 in 5, to fill, be full
Mpa, 6 in 6, + Greek a3ios, 2 in 2, worthy
Mto ebol, 6 in 6, presence
Mton, 2 in 2 - see rest, repose)

na., nhtN, to-(pronoun), 88 occurrences (unindexed)
naei, neei., 14 in 12, these
nanou., 5 in 3, good
na.., 9 in 7, can, will be able to
naw., to be plentiful, 1, in L73 only
naxB, a yoke, 1, in kind
nau, 19 in 14, to see, look
nex., to cast off, 1, in L28 only
nhu, Nnhu, 10 in 8, come
nim = 'any' (3 in 3) or 'who?' (10 in 8)
NkotK, to sleep, lie, 1, in L102 only
nMma., 3 in 3, with (me, him, it)
nobe, 2 in 2, sin
noeit, meal (flour), 1, in L97 only
noub, gold piece/coin, 1, in L100 only
nouje, 14 in 9, to cast, throw
noune, 2 in 2, root
noute, 4 in 2, god
noq, 10 in 8, great, large
Nsa., Nsw., 5 in 5, 4 in 4, after-
Nto.j, NtwtN, dative pronoun, 21 occurrences (unindexed)
Nqi., 27 instances, namely, viz.
Nxht.j, 10 in 10, in, of, among

o, 7 in 7, (being)
obe, to thirst, 1, in L28 only
oeik, bread, 1, in L96 only
on, 2 in 2, also
ou, 11 in 9, what?, why?
oua, one, 25 occurrences (unindexed)
ouaa.f, 3 in 3, himself
ouaab, 2 in 2, holy
ouerhte, 3 in 2, foot
ouhr, how much?, 1, in L84 only
ouhu, ouhou, 3 in 2, to be far away
ouN.ta., mN.ta., 22 in 15, to have and have not
ounam, right, 1, in L62 only
ouoei, 3 in 2, woe
ouoeie, tenant, in L65 only
ouoein, 12 in 7 + compound, light
ouon, one, 1, in L33 only
ouonef, manger, 1, in L102 only
ouonx, ouwnx, 9 in 9, to appear
ouwm, 12 in 8 + compound noun, to eat
ouwn, to open, 1, in Coptic singles
ouwnx, ouonx, 9 in 9, to appear
ouwxe, 2 in 1, fisherman
ouwqP, 2 in 2, to break
ouw, 7 in 7 + Gk synonym, 2 in 2, to want, desire
ouwT, worship, 1, in L15 only
ouwt, 5 in 5, alone
ouwx, ouex., 2 in 2, to place, put
ouxor, ouxoor, 2 in 2, dog, dogs
oe, 2 in 1, depend on

paei, taei, 15 in 11, this (one)
pe, phue, 11 in 8, 4 in 4, sky, heaven(s)
pe, te, ne 'he/she/they is/are', 48 occurrences (unindexed)
pext., prostrate, 1, in L15 only
peja.x, said-(pronoun), 49 occurrences (unindexed)
peje.x, said-(noun), 107 occurrences (unindexed)
ph, th, pi., 12 in 11, that (one)
ph (pwe), to be divided, 1, in Coptic singles
pite, a bow (archery), 1, in L47a only
pork., to pull up, 1, in Coptic singles
por, to be spread, 1, in Coptic singles
prw, winter, 1, in L19 only
pSte.it, ninety-nine, 2 in 1, in sheep
pw1, tw1, na., 7 in 5, mine, yours, etc.
pwrJ, division, 1, in L16 only
pwwne, kim, 5 in 3, 3 in 3, to move
pwe, to divide, 2, in L72 only
pwx, 6 in 4, one as noun, split (n&v)

ra, gentle, 1, in kind
rae, rejoice, 1, in L84 only
rike, to lay, 1, in L86 only
rM., compounds of 'man'
ro, door, 1, in Coptic singles
roeis, to keep watch, 2, in Coptic doubles
roou, to take care, 1, in Coptic singles
rouxe, 3 in 2 + synonym, evening, night
Rro, Rrwou, 3 in 3, king(s)
rwkx, jero, 2 in 2 each, to burn
rwme, 35 in 30, man

sa, 13 in 6, side
sabe, 1, wise
saeir, leaven, yeast, 1, in L96 only
sanou1, 1, to nourish
sate, kwxT, 1 in 1, 3 in 3, fire
saF, seven, 1, in L04 only
sax, master, teacher, 2, in L13 only
saxne, an order, 1, in Coptic singles
sBbe, circumcision, 2, in L53 only
sBbhu, circumcise, 1, in L53 only
se, sixty, 1, in L09 only
shfe, 2 in 2, sword
site, 2 in 2, plus Coptic analogue, to sow
skaei, to plow, 1, in Coptic singles
smot, way, manner, 1, in Coptic singles
snau, sNte, 15 in 11, two
sobK = 'few' or 'small' (1 in 1 each)
sobte, prepare, 1, in Coptic singles
soei, a beam, 2, in L26 only
soein, physician, 1, in L31 only
son, snhu, 7 in 5, brother(s)
souo, grain, 1, in L57 only
souwn, 25 in 20, to know
sop, 2 in 2, time
sopS, 1, pray
sote, a measure, 2 in 1, in L09 only
sR.qamoul, thistle, 1, in L45 only
sRfe, to be unoccupied, 1, in Coptic singles
sto., to turn, 1, in L66 only
sw, se., 4 in 3, to drink
swk, 3 in 3, to lead
swne, sisters, 1, in L55 only
swoux, 1, gather
swrM, to stray, 1, in Coptic singles
swe, 7 in 3, field
swtM, sotm1, 14 in 11, to hear, listen
swtP, setP., sotP, 4 in 4, to choose
sxai., to write x, 1, in Prologue only
sxime, sxiome, xiome, 10 in 7, woman, female

tajrhu, 2 in 2, fortified
tako, teka., 3 in 3, + 2 related words, to destroy
tamio, to create, 2 in 1, in L89 only
tapro, 4 in 3, mouth
tar, branch, 1, in L20 only
tae.oei, preach, proclaim, 1, in L33 only
tba, ten thousand, 1, in L23 only
tBt, 5 in 2, fish
telo, 2 in 2, to climb, mount
tenou, 2 in 2, now
teuo, teue., 2 in 2, send
thr., 14 in 10, 5 as noun, all, everything
thu, wind (n), 1, in L78 only
thutN, yourselves, 19 occurrences (unindexed)
tkas, pain, 1, in L28 only
tNtwn, 12 in 11, to compare
toeis, a patch, 1, in L47b only
toot., qij, 7 in 7, 7 in 6, hand
toou = 'buy' (5 in 3) or 'mountain' (3 in 3)
touje., to save, 1, in Coptic singles
tsio, satisfy, 1, in L69 only
twk, to be strong, 1, in L98 only
twn, where?, 1, in Coptic singles
twoun, to arise, 1, in L103 only
twqe, toq1, 2 in 2, to plant
twxM, 7 in 2, to call
txno, to approach, 1, in L76 only

w, oh!, 1, in L72 only (also Greek)
w (ww), 1, conceive
wne, 6 in 4 + Gk synonym, stone
wnx, onx, 4 in 4 as noun, 16 in 12 as verb, live, life
wxe erat1, axerat1, 7 in 7, to stand
wxS, wsx, xas., 5 in 4 + related word, harvest (n)
wjN, to perish, 1, in L76 only
wqT, to choke, 1, in L09 only

a., aro., 13 in 10, (up) to-(pronoun)
aei, 1, new & L47b only
aT, key, 1, in L39 only
aje, 6 in 5 as nn + Gk synonym + 3 in 1 as vb, word, speak
bhr, beer, 2 in 2, friend(s), companion(s)
e = '100' or '(piece of) wood' (2 in 2, 1 in 1)
e.jouwt, 120, 1, in L09 only
eleet, 2 in 2 + 2 related Greek words, marriage
hn, 3 in 2, tree
hp, ap., 2 in 2, to accept
hre.hm, 3 in 3 + adj, child, children
hre, 14 in 11, son
h, to be equal, 1, in Coptic singles
hf, to be destroyed, 1, in destroy
ine, 13 in 11, qine, 5 in 4 + 2 combined forms, seek and find
ipe, 2 in 2, to be ashamed
it., to measure(x), 1, in L13 only
ite, to demand, 1, in L100 only
lhl, 4 in 2/3 + synonym, see to fast & pray
Ltam, mustard, 1, in L20 only
Mmo, Mmoei, visitor(s), stranger(s) in L65 only
Me., to serve (-object), 1, in L47a only
o, one thousand, 1, in L23 only
omT, 4 in 3, three
onte, 2 in 2, with 'worm', thorn
oop (from wpe), 5 in 5, to be, exist
orP, 4 in 3, first
orR, to destroy, 1, in destroy
oueit, 3 in 2, to be empty
ouo, to empty, 1, in L97 only
ojT, to tunnel, 1, in Coptic singles
phre, 5 in 2, 2 as verb, marvel, wonder
thn, 4 in 3, garment, clothes
wlm, to draw, 1, in L98 only
wm = nouns 'tax, rent, tribute' or 'summer' (2 in 2, 1 in 1)
wne, to be sick, 1, in Coptic singles
wpe, become, come into being, 38 occurrences (unindexed)
ws, shepherd, 1, in sheep
wte, a well, 1, in L74 only
wte, dough, 1, in L96 only

fi, fi., fit., 12 in 12, to take, carry
fNt, 2 in 2, with 'thorn', worm

xa., xaro., 11 in 11, under, from, by, about
xae, 1, last
xah, axh, 4 in 1, end
xalht, xalate, 4 in 4, bird
xax, 5 in 5, many
xbour, left (n), 1, in L62 only
xe = 'way' (16 in 11) or 'fall' (vb, 30 unindexed)
xh, 3 in 2, belly, womb
xhBS, lamp, 1, in L33 only
xhke, mNt.xhke, 3 in 2 , poor, poverty
xhn, 2 in 1, to be close, in Coptic singles
xht., 5 in 5, before, for
xht, 6 in 6 + compound & synonym, mind
xhu as 'profit', 1, in L53 only
xhu, with KWK/KAK/KEK, 2 in 2, to strip
xi., xiw., xiwt., 9 in 9, on, upon
xieib, lamb, 2 in 1, in sheep
xieit, a pit or hole, 1, in Coptic singles
xih, xiooue, 5 in 4, road, path
xioue, to beat, in L65 only
xise, 4 in 4 + analogue, trouble, be troubled
xitN., xitM, 2 in 2 + 2ITOOTy, by (means of)
xijN., xijM., xiw., 6 in 5, upon
xkaeit, to hunger, 1, in L69 only
xLlo, old, 1, in L04 only
xMS, sheaf (ear), 1, in L09 only
xMxal, 8 in 3 + Gk analogue, servant
xN., xM., in-x (unindexed)
xna., to please x, 1, in Coptic singles
xnaau, property, belongings, 1, in L72 only
xo, 3 in 3, face
xoBS, to be covered, in L06 only
xoeine, some, 1, in L09 only
xomT, 3 in 3, money, interest
xoou as day (16) or evil (1)
xoou, 16 in 11 + 2 related singles, day
xoout, 6 in 2, male
xote, to fear, be afraid, 1, in L37 only
xouo, excess, 1, in L45 only
xof, serpent, 1, in L39 only
xraI, 10 in 8, up, down
xto, horse, 1, in L47a only
xtooue, morning, 2, in Coptic singles
xw., xwt., 5 in 5, also-x
xwb, 2 in 2, work
xwle, xol., pull up, 4, in L57 only
xwp, xop., xhp, 12 in 10, to hide, hidden, secret
xwtB, to slay, 1, in L98 only

jaje, enemy, 1, in L57 only
je, this, that, thus, etc., 195 occurrences (unindexed)
je., as 'take-x' (1) or 'tell-x' (4 in 2)
jekaas, 12 in 11, so that
jele., 1, to harvest
jenepwr, housetop, 1, in L33 only
jh, a mote, 2, in L26 only
ji, ji., jit., 14 in 14, to take
jioue, 1, thief
jise, jose, 3 in 2, to raise up
jLq., to sew, 1, in L47b only
jnau, to delay, 1, in L04 only
jnax, force, 1, in L35 only
jne., jnou., 5 in 5, to ask
jo = 'to sow' (with synonym) or 'wall' (1 each)
joeis, 14 in 7 + compound, lord, master
jooles, moth, 1, in L76 only
joo.s, speak, tell, 23 occurrences (unindexed)
joo.u, 4 in 3, to speak/tell (them)
joou, 4 in 2, to send
jopjP, to trample, 1, in L37 only
jot., to stick/thrust, 1, in L98 only
jout.afte, twenty-four, 1, in prophets
jpo, jpe., jpo., 5 in 5, to beget
jro, to win, 1, in Coptic singles
jw, 10 in 8, to speak, tell
jwlK, to stretch, 1, in L47a only
jwte, fountain, 1, in L74 only
jwwre, strong one, 1, in L35 only
jwxM, jaxM., to defile, in Coptic doubles

qelit, dwell, 1, in Coptic singles
qeph, hurry, 1, in Coptic singles
qine, 5 in 4, ine, 13 in 11, + 2 combined forms, seek and find
qij, toot., 7 in 6, 7 in 7, hand
qhn, soft, 2, in L78 only
qLmeei, a jar, 1, in L97 only
qloq, bed/couch, in Coptic doubles
qMqwm., to touch, 1, in Coptic singles
qol, a lie, in L06 only
qop1, to seize + pn, 1, in L65 only
qrompe, dove (n), 1, in L39 only
qroq, 4 in 3 , seed
qrwx, 3 in 2, need, lack
qw, to remain, in L06 only
qwbe, leaf, 1, in L19 only
qwl, to roll up, 1, in L111 only
qwlP, qolP, 5 in 4, to reveal, uncover
qwT, 4 in 4, to look, see

+, +., taa., 25 in 22, to give
+me, village, 1, in L31 only
+ou, 2 in 2, five
+pe = 'taste' (4 in 4) or 'loins' (2 in 2)
+xe, taxe, toxe, 3 in 2, to be drunk

© 2013 Michael W. Grondin